Lista de Referências sobre as Cruzadas (para um estudo sério sobre o assunto)

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O grupo de historiadores do grupo Real Crusades History elaborou uma lista de leituras recomendadas sobre as cruzadas. Esta lista é o resultado de um esforço colaborativo entre os fundadores do grupo Real Crusades History e diversos colaboradores, profissionais acadêmicos. A lista criada é ampla e serve como guia para aqueles que desejam mergulhar em estudo sério das cruzadas. Esta lista não é uma lista final no sentido que a ela pode ser atualizada com o tempo. Deus vult!

Nível introdutório: 

– The New Concise History of the Crusades, Thomas Madden

– What were the Crusades? Jonathan Riley-Smith

– God’s Battalions: The Case for the Crusades, Rodney Stark

– The Crusaders: The Struggle for the Holy Land, Regine Pernoud

– The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge

– The Crusades, third edition, Jonathan Riley-Smith

– God’s War: A New History of the Crusades, Christopher Tyerman

– Seven Myths of the Crusades, ed. Andrew Holt and Alfred Andrea

Tópicos específicos e avançados:  

Fontes primárias: em inglês 

– The First Crusade: The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres and Other Source Materials, (ed. Edward Peters)

– The Deeds of the Franks and Other Jerusalem-Bound Pilgrims: The Earliest Chronicles of the First Crusades, (ed. and trans. Nirmal Dass)

– Chronicles of the Crusades: Eye-witness accounts of the wars between Christianity and Islam, (ed. Elizabeth Hallam)

– Chronicle of the Third Crusade: A Translation of the Itinerarium Peregrinorum et Gesta Regis Ricardi, Anonymous (trans. Helen Nicholson)

– The Rare and Excellent History of Saladin, Baha al-Din Shaddad (trans. D.S. Richards)

– A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea, Archbishop William of Tyre (A translation of Historia rerum in parties trasmarinis gestarum). Morningside Heights Columbia University Press, 1943

– The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade: Sources in Translation, Peter W. Edbury (Continuations of William of Tyre, including the Chronicles of Ernoul)

– In Praise of the New Knighthood: a Treatise on the Knights Templar and the Holy Places of
Jerusalem, Bernard of Clairvaux (trans. Conrad Greenia)

– A Knight’s Own Book of Chivalry, Geoffroi de Charny (trans. Ellspeth Kennedy)

– Joinville and Villehardouin: Chronicles of the Crusades (trans. Caroline Smith)

História islâmica, conquistas, teologia e fontes  

– The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam, Jonathan Riley-Smith

– Arab Historians of the Crusades, Francesco Gabrieli

– Sea of Faith: Islam and Christianity in the Medieval Mediterranean World, Stephen O’Shea

– The Truth about Muhammad, Robert Spencer

– The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives, Carole Hildebrand

– The Great Islamic Conquests, David Nicolle

– The Great Arab Conquests, Hugh N. Kennedy

– The Crusades through Arab Eyes, Amin Maalouf

– Saracens: Islam in the Medieval European Imagination, John V. Tolan

A Primeira Cruzada

– The First Crusade: A New History, Thomas Asbridge

– The First Crusaders 1195-1131, Jonathan Riley-Smith

– Victory in the East: A military history of the First Crusade, John France

– The First Crusade: The Call from the East, Peter Frankopan

– Knightly Piety and the Lay Response to the First Crusade: The Limousin and Gascony c.970 – c.1130, Marcus Bull

A Terceira Cruzada 

– Richard I, John Gillingham

– Richard the Lionheart: The Mighty Crusader, David Miller

– Saladin, Andrew S. Ehrenkreutz

– Hattin 1187: Saladin’s Greatest Victory, David Nicolle

– Downfall of the Crusader Kingdom: The Battle of Hattin and the Loss of Jerusalem, W. B. Bartlett

O Império Romano do Oriente durante as Cruzadas (Estudos Bizantinos) 

– The Alexiad, Anna Comnena (trans. Elizabeth Dawes)

– Fourteen Byzantine Rulers: The Chronographica of Michael Psellus, trans. E. R. A Sewter

– Strenuitas: The Life and Times of Robert Guiscard and Bohemond of Taranto, Danny Chaplin

– Warfare, State, and Society in the Byzantine World 560-1204, John Haldon

Espanha Islâmica e a Reconquista 

– The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise: Muslims, Christians, and Jews under Islamic Rule in Medieval Spain, Dario Fernandez-Mendoza

– Medieval Iberia: Readings from Christian, Muslim, and Jewish Sources, ed. Olivia Remie Constable

– A History of Medieval Spain, Joseph F. O’Callaghan

As cruzadas nórdicas  

– The Northern Crusades, Eric Christiansen

– The Popes and the Baltic Crusades 1147-1254, Iben Fonnesberg-Schmidt

As cruzadas algingenses  

– The Cathars: Dualist Heretics in Languedoc in the High Middle Ages, Malcolm Barber

– A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom, Mark Pegg*

Pregando as Cruzadas 

– How to Plan a Crusade, Christopher Tyerman


– Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Europe in the Middle Ages, C.H. Lawrence

Os Estados Cruzados  

– William of Tyre:Historian of the Latin East, Peter W. Edbury and John Gordon Rowe

– The Chronicle of Ernoul and the Continuations of William of Tyre, M.R. Morgan

– The Crusader States, Malcolm Barber

– Crusading and the Crusader States, Andrew Jotischky

– The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem 1099 to 1291 AD, Claude Reignier Conder

– Feudal Monarchy in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, John L. La Monte

– Kings and Lords in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Hans Eberhard Mayer

– Women in the Crusader States: The Queens of Jerusalem 1100 – 90, Bernard Hamilton in Medieval Women (Studies in Church History, Subsidia I), (ed. Derek Baker)

– The Leper King and His Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, Bernard Hamilton

– John of Ibelin and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Peter Edbury

– The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, 1191-1374, Peter Edbury

Aspectos militares das Cruzadas  

– Western warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000-1300, John France

– Victory in the East: A military history of the First Crusade, John France

– Theorizing Medieval Geopolitics: War and World Order in the Age of the Crusades (Routledge Research in Medieval Studies), Andrew Latham

Cavaleiros e cavalherismo

– The Knight and Chivalry, Richard Barber

–  Knights: The Complete Story of the Age of Chivalry, from Historical Fact to Tales of Romance and Poetry, Andrea Hopkins

– A Knight’s Own Book of Chivalry, Geoffroi de Charny (trans. Ellspeth Kennedy)

– Arms and Armour of the Medieval Knight, David Edge and John Miles Paddock

– The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, Ewart Oakeshott

– Records of the Medieval Sword, Ewart Oakeshott

As ordens militares  

– The Templars, Regine Pernoud

– The New Knighthood: A History of the Orders of the Temple, Malcolm Barber

– The Trial of the Templars (2nd.ed.), Malcolm Barber

– The Real History behind the Templars, Sharan Newman

– The Templars and the Assassins: The Militia of Heaven, James Wasserman

– Dungeon, Fire, and Sword: The Knights Templar in the Crusades, John J. Robinson

– Knights of Jerusalem: The Crusading Order of Hospitallers 1100 – 1565, David Nicolle

– The Sword and the Green Cross: The Saga of the Knights of Saint Lazarus from the Crusades to the 21st Century, Max J. Ellul*

– Leper Knights: The Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem in England, 1150 – 1544, David Marcombe

– The Teutonic Knights: A Military History, William Urban

– The Teutonic Knights in the Holy Land, 1190-1291, Nicholas Morton

Mulheres na Idade Média e nas Cruzadas 

– Medieval Women (Studies in Church History, Subsidia I), (ed. Derek Baker)

O mundo das Cruzadas  

– The Crusader World, Adrian Boas

– The Origin of the Idea of the Crusade, Carl Erdmann

– The Crusades and the Expansion of Catholic Christendom, 1000-1714, John France

– Contesting the Crusades, Norman Housley

– Fighting for the Cross: Crusading to the Holy Land, Norman Housley

– Theorizing Medieval Geopolitics: War and World Order in the Age of the Crusades (Routledge Research in Medieval Studies), Andrew Latham

– The Crusades: The Essential Readings (ed. Thomas Madden)

– The Atlas of the Crusades, (ed. Jonathan Riley-Smith)

– Walking Corpses: Leprosy in Byzantium and the Medieval West, Timothy S. miller and John W. Nesbitt

Arte, arquitetura e artifatos  

– Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East, Adrian J. Boas

– Crusader Art: The Art of the Crusaders in the Holy Land, Jaroslave Folda

– Secular Buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Archaeological Gazetteer, Denys Pringle

– The Archaeology of Weapons, Ewart Oakeshott

– The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, Ewart Oakeshott

– Records of the Medieval Sword, Ewart Oakeshott